The Naturalization Process in Ten Steps United States

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Important Changes to the Civics Test for the Year 2020

Regardless of their filing date, USCIS will only give the 2008 civics test to N-400 candidates at their initial interview session beginning April 19, 2021. The 2020 civics test will no longer be offered at the first interview, however study materials for the 2020 test will be provided for those candidates who are qualified to choose among 2008 and 2020 civics tests at their re-exam or N-336 hearing.

Visit the page The 2020 Version of the Civics Test for more information on the 2020 civics test.

Understanding the Citizenship Process in the United States

A general description of the naturalization application procedure can be found in this section. Make sure you fulfil all eligibility standards before applying, and see if you qualify for any exceptions or modifications. USCIS (The United States Citizenship and Immigration Services) has also created answers to frequently asked questions concerning citizenship and the naturalization process.

Step 1: Check to see if you are already a citizen of the United States.

What you should do is: Proceed to the following stage if you are not a U.S. citizen by birth or did not automatically acquire or derive U.S. citizenship from your parent(s) after birth.

Step 2: Determine whether you are eligible to become a citizen of the United States.

What you should do is: To determine if you are qualified to apply for naturalization, review the naturalization eligibility worksheet (PDF, 300.55 KB).

Step 3: Fill out Form N-400, Naturalization Application.

This form can be filled out and submitted online. Begin by registering for a free internet account.

What to do: Follow the instructions on how to fill out Form N-400. Gather the documentation you’ll need to prove your eligibility for naturalization. Get two passport-style photos taken if you live outside of the United States. Make sure to have all the required documents by using the document checklist (PDF, 178.19 KB).

Step 4: Fill out the Form N-400 and pay the fees.

This form can be filled out and submitted online. You can also pay your fees via the internet.

USCIS will email you a receipt notice once you’ve submitted Form N-400. You may examine the progress of your case and the time it will take to process it online.

Step 5: If necessary, attend your biometrics appointment.

What you should do is: If you need to take biometrics, USCIS will email you an appointment notification with the date, time, and location of your biometrics appointment. At the appointed time, arrive at the assigned spot. Make an appointment to have your biometrics recorded.

Step 6: Conduct the interview.

USCIS will schedule an interview with you to complete the naturalisation process once all of the preliminary steps on your application are completed. You must appear in person at the USCIS office on the date and hour specified on your appointment notification. Please remember to bring appointment notice with you.

Step 7: Wait for USCIS to make a decision on your Form N-400.

A decision notice will be emailed to you by USCIS. You could access the electronic notice in your account if you filed your N-400 online.

Granted – If the information in your record demonstrates that you are qualified for naturalization, USCIS may approve your Form N-400.

Continued – If you need to give further evidence/documentation, fail to provide USCIS with the necessary paperwork, or fail the English and/or civics test the first time, USCIS may continue your application.

If the information in your record demonstrates that you are not eligible for naturalization, USCIS will deny your Form N-400.

Step 8: Get a notice that you must take the Oath of Loyalty.

What to expect: If your Form N-400 was accepted by USCIS in step 7, you could be able to attend a naturalization ceremony the same day as your interview. If a same-day naturalization ceremony is not possible, you will get a letter from USCIS with the date, time, and location regarding scheduled ceremony.

You can also access the electronic notification in your application if you filed your N-400 online.

Step 9: Take the United States’ Oath of Loyalty.

Until you take the Oath of Loyalty during a naturalisation ceremony, you are not a U.S. citizen.

What you should do next:

On Form N-445, Notice of Naturalization Oath Ceremony, fill out the questionnaire.

Check in with USCIS and prepare for your naturalization ceremony. Your responses on Form N-445 will be reviewed by a USCIS officer.

Your Permanent Resident Card must be returned (Green Card).

To become a citizen of the United States, take the Oath of Loyalty.

Before leaving the ceremony location, receive your Certificate of Naturalization, review it, and tell USCIS of any problems you find.

Step 10: Know your rights as a citizen of the United States.

Citizenship is the thread that binds all Americans together. Check out this list of some of the most fundamental rights and obligations that all citizens should exercise, respect, and accept, whether they are citizens by birth or choice.