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How To Immigrate To Canada

The Canadian Government has announced to welcome a record-breaking 411,000 new permanent residents by 2022, per the 2021-2023 Immigration Levels Plan. This is undoubtedly a higher level than Canada has ever targeted before. Canada has not declared dropping this target during the pandemic. The new immigration minister, Sean Fraser, mentioned possibly increasing these levels even further to meet labor market demand in Canada.

How To Move To Canada?

Do you want to move to Canada from the US or other countries? first, you must understand the immigration to Canada requirements. For example, if you are a business owner, you must see the available opportunities for businessmen and entrepreneurs, and if you are a professional, you must see the available programs for skilled professionals. Canada IRCC offers a wide range of immigration programs to foreign people who can contribute to the Canadian economy, society, or even a Canadian family who is inviting the remaining family unit.

How To Immigrate To Canada

Canada Immigration Pathways

IRCC offers many pathways to immigrate to Canada. There are permanent residence programs, work permit programs, and study permits. Some popular permanent residence options are available under the economic class immigration programs. The following chart helps you understand some of the popular pathways on how to immigrate to Canada:

Canada Immigration Pathways

Economic Immigration To Canada

Economic Immigration To Canada

Canada Express Entry

Express Entry is Canada’s permanent residence visa option and is considered the major immigration program to address the need for immigrants in Canada. Express Entry is a great and straightforward way to become a Canadian permanent resident. This is a point-based immigration system that Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) uses to manage applications through three subcategories of Express Entry.

The Express Entry is comprised of three categories:

  • Federal Skilled Worker (FSW)
  • Federal Skilled Trades (FST)
  • Canadian Experience Class (CEC)

Federal Skilled Worker (FSW)

FSW candidates must have a minimum of one year of skilled work experience. However, this program requires English or French Language Proficiency, education, and other human factors. The candidate must score higher or equal to the monthly CRS cutoff score, and meet Canada permanent residence eligibility requirements to get ITA. Candidates can calculate their CRS here. Before applying to the IRCC’s visa and immigration portal, candidates must understand the documents checklist for moving to Canada.

Federal Skilled Trades (FST)

Through this program, candidates must have at least two years of work experience in a skilled trade. This experience must have been obtained within the last 5 years. The candidate should also meet English, educational and Canadian employment requirements.

Canadian Experience Class (CEC)

Relocating to Canada through the Canadian Experience Class (CES) is an effective and easy option. Candidates with one year of job experience from any Canadian employer can add more points to the Express Entry profile and get ITA faster than others.

Provincial Nominee Programs

Canada has 10 provinces and 3 territories. Each province or territory has its unique immigration program to welcome foreign skilled professionals.

Here is a list of the provinces and territories now welcoming new immigrants. you may visit their official websites and learn how to immigrate to Canada through PNPs.

After being nominated by the province or territory, the candidate will have to make a distinct application to Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) for permanent residence. A CIC officer will then evaluate the application based on Canadian immigration regulations.

How to Immigrate to Canada through the Atlantic Immigration Program?

The Atlantic Immigration Program replaced the Atlantic Immigration Pilot. You can now lodge Canada permanent residence visa application to the program. The Atlantic Immigration Program is a pathway to Canadian PR for skilled workers and international graduates from a Canadian institution who want to work and live in one of the four Atlantic provinces.

  • New Brunswick
  • Nova Scotia
  • Prince Edward Island or
  • Newfoundland and Labrador

Atlantic Immigration Program

The program helps the employers in the Atlantic regions to hire qualified foreign candidates for jobs that they haven’t been able to fill locally. The Atlantic Immigration Program is a kind of an employer-driven program that requires the hiring of foreign nationals. All candidates under the Atlantic Immigration program must have a valid job offer from a designated Atlantic employer and a customized settlement plan for immigration to Canada with family.

How does Atlantic Immigration Program work?

Once a designated employer finds a suitable candidate who meets all the visa requirements and their employment needs, the employer will then need to first send them a job offer. Unlike other programs, there is no requirement of obtaining a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA), so this is a great advantage of applying for the Atlantic Immigration Program.

The candidate must accept the job offer and its terms and conditions to initiate the immigration to Canada process. The employer must link the candidate with a designated settlement service provider organization for a needs assessment and to arrange a mandatory settlement plan. The employers should also support continuous integration of the new immigrant and his or her family, if required by IRCC, so they can reach the targets of their settlement plan once they arrive in Canada. Also, if an employer needs to fill a job position fast will have access to a temporary work permit, so that the immigration to Canada with the family will be as quickly as possible. To obtain this work permit, candidates will need:

  • a valid job offer by a designated employer in the Atlantic province;
  • a letter from the province; and
  • a commitment to apply for a Canadian permanent residence visa within 90 days of the temporary work permit application.

Atlantic Immigration to Canada requirements:

To be eligible for the Atlantic immigration program (AIP) you must:

  • have required job experience unless you are an international student that graduated from a recognized post-secondary institution in Atlantic Canada.
  • meet the educational requirement
  • and meet the language requirement
  • show you have enough settlement funds. The proof of fund is not required if you are already living in Canada with a valid work permit

You can start applying for a job with a designated Atlantic Canada employer if you meet all the above criteria.

Quebec Immigrant Investor Program

The Quebec Immigrant Investor Program, also known as QIIP, was announced in 1986 and is designed to allow business people who meet specific criteria to enter Quebec and obtain Canada’s permanent residence visa while contributing to the economic development of the province.

Quebec Immigrant Investor Program is one of the popular investment immigration programs. This program is popular among people with high net worth.

The primary requirements to be eligible under the QIIP program, are:

  • Net worth: the candidate must show a net worth of at least $2 million which is legally owned by the candidate through business, employment, or self-employment
  • Business or managerial experience:
    • having owned and managed a successful business for two years in the past five years, OR
    • having held a top-level managerial position for two years in the past five years in a company.
  • Investment: At least $1.2 million in a passive government guaranteed investment for five years and accepts no interest.

Quebec Immigrant Entrepreneur Program

The Quebec government targets at inviting individuals who have the skills and experience to run and manage a business in the Quebec province. The Quebec Immigration Entrepreneur Program has been restored in 2018 and is now operating under two streams:

  • The first stream consists in starting a business enterprise in Quebec with support from a business incubator, accelerator, or a university entrepreneurship center.
  • The second stream consists of starting or buying a running business, of which the candidate must hold at least 25% share if it’s a new initiative or at least 51% of an acquired enterprise.

Under the second stream, the candidate will have to invest a minimum of $200,000 for a business outside of Montreal, or $300,000 for a business placed in the metropolitan area of Montreal. A guarantee deposit of a minimum of $200,000 is also a prerequisite, as a guarantee, and might be returned upon recognition of the business project.

The candidate must verify that they have legitimately acquired a minimum net worth of CAD 900,000, alone with their spouse if applicable.

Quebec-Selected Skilled Worker Program

The Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP) is a well-known permanent immigration program for skilled workers in Quebec which is similar to the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) under the Express Entry system. Interested candidates who wish to settle down in Quebec must submit an Expression of Interest (EOI) through the government’s online portal. The Ministère de l’Immigration, de la Francisation et de l’Intégration (MIFI) regularly selects qualified candidates from the pool system and invites to apply for permanent residence visa.

Quebec’s Expression of Interest System

Quebec’s EOI system is a two-step process for selecting foreign skilled immigrants.

Step 1 – The first step is to submit an online expression of interest for permanent immigration to Arrima. This is a pre-screening step that allows the government to rank interested candidates based on their human capital and labor market-related measures.

Step 2 – The second step is for the government to send ITA to the top-ranked candidates to apply for permanent immigration in regular draws from the pool system. Several factors determine the chances of getting invited by the government. Some of the factors include the government’s annual immigrant targets, its bulk processing capacity, the candidates’ ranking scores in the pool, whether there is an employment offer, and the in-demand occupations at the time of each draw.

Eligibility for the Quebec-Selected Skilled Worker Program

To be qualified for a CSQ under the QSWP, concerned candidates must obtain the required points for immigration to Canada based on the Quebec Immigration selection grid.

This grid is composed of nine important factors:

  • education;
  • work experience;
  • age;
  • French and English language competency;
  • stay and family in Quebec;
  • validated job offer;
  • spouse’s characteristics;
  • presence of children;
  • ability to be financially independent.

Unmarried candidates must score at least 50, while a candidate with a spouse or common-law partner must score at least 59 points for immigration to Canada.

Quebec Self-Employed Program

To be eligible under the Quebec Self-Employed Program, the candidate must meet the following criteria that distinguish them from the Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP):

  • have experience of self-employment for at least two years, in the appropriate professional that they intend to do in Quebec;
  • own a personal net worth of CAD 100,000, alone or with an accompanying spouse or common-law partner;
  • Register a start-up deposit obligation of at least $50,000 if the person is based in the metropolitan area or $25,000 if the person is based outside of Montreal.

Eligibility requirements for the Quebec Immigrant Self-Employed Program:

  • A genuine interest to live and work in the province of Quebec;
  • The ability to create his or her employment by practicing in Quebec the profession or trade he or she has had experience in;
  • A net worth of at least C$100,000 (this can be shared assets too, wherein the assets are shared between the candidate and the candidate’s spouse or common-law partner);
  • Been working in the profession or trade for at least 2 years from the date of applying.

In addition to the above, the candidate will also be assessed on other factors, such as:

  • The age of the candidate;
  • Nature and duration of the candidate’s professional training;
  • The age of the candidate’s spouse or common-law partner;
  • Language skills of the candidate;
  • The personal qualities of the candidate;
  • The candidate’s knowledge about Canada, and Quebec in specific.

Canada Start-up Visa Program

Canada’s Start-up Visa program is for foreign entrepreneurs and business owners who want to create businesses in Canada and apply for Canadian permanent residency. The start-up visa program, launched in 2013 as a pilot program, has been an easy pathway for foreign entrepreneurs who seek to get PR and move to Canada with their families.

The immigrant entrepreneurs and business owners with the skills and talents to build businesses in Canada that

  • are innovative
  • can create jobs for Canadian PR or Citizens
  • can compete on a global scale

Unlike Canada’s previous Entrepreneur Visa, the Start-Up Visa Program is supported by venture capitalists, angel investors, or Business incubators in Canada who commit to investing in immigrant entrepreneurs’ business ideas.

How does the Start-up program work?

  1. Receiving A Letter of Support and Commitment Certificate for Start-Up Visa Eligibility for immigration to Canada

Startup Visa candidate must obtain a Letter of Support and a Commitment Certificate from one of the designated private-sector investors. Visa applications lodged without this document are usually rejected.

  1. Meeting the Investment Requirements

If you are willing to immigrate to Canada through this visa program, you must take the support of a Canadian venture capital fund, angel investor group, or business incubator that is ready to invest in your new business.

Firstly, you can come to Canada on a work permit backed by a designated Canada-based investor, before qualifying for permanent residence once your business is up and running.

Angel Investor Group: A designated angel investor group must invest CAD 75,000 into the eligible business. You are also allowed to accept two or more investments from angel investor groups totaling CAD 75,000.

List of Canadian International Angel Investors:

  • Ekagrata Inc.
  • Golden Triangle Angel Network
  • Keiretsu Forum Canada
  • Oak Mason Investments Inc.
  • Southeastern Ontario Angel Network
  • TenX Angel Investors Inc.
  • VANTEC Angel Network Inc.
  • York Angel Investors Inc

 

Venture Capital Investors: A designated venture capital fund must approve that it is agreed to invest at least CAD 200,000 into the qualifying business. You can also qualify with two or more commitments from designated venture capital funds totaling CAD 200,000.

List of venture capital investors:

  • BCF Ventures
  • BDC Venture Capital
  • Celtic House Venture Partners
  • Extreme Venture Partners LLP
  • Golden Venture Partners Fund, LP
  • Impression Ventures
  • Information Venture Partners Management Inc.
  • Innovation Platform Capital International LP
  • iNovia Capital Inc.
  • Lumira Capital
  • Nova Scotia Innovation Corporation (o/a Innovacorp)
  • OMERS Ventures Management Inc.
  • Pangaea Ventures Ltd.
  • PRIVEQ Capital Funds
  • Real Ventures
  • Relay Ventures
  • ScaleUp Venture Partners, Inc.
  • Top Renergy Inc.
  • Vanedge Capital Limited Partnership
  • Version One Ventures
  • Westcap Management Ltd.
  • Yaletown Venture Partners Inc.
  • York Entrepreneurship Development Institute (YEDI) VC Fund

 

Business Incubator: A designated business incubator must approve you into its business incubator program. You must be accepted into one of these programs. No financial investment is required:

List of business incubator programs:

  • Alacrity Foundation
  • Alberta Agriculture and Forestry
  • Agrivalue Processing Business Incubator
  • Food Processing Development Centre
  • Biomedical Commercialization Canada Inc. (operating as Manitoba Technology Accelerator)
  • Creative Destruction Lab
  • Empowered Startups Ltd.
  • Extreme Innovations
  • Genesis Centre
  • Highline BETA Inc.
  • Innovacorp
  • Interactive Niagara Media Cluster o/a Innovate Niagara
  • Invest Ottawa
  • Knowledge Park o/a Planet Hatch
  • LatAm Startups
  • Launch Academy – Vancouver
  • LaunchPad PEI Inc.
  • Millworks Centre for Entrepreneurship
  • NEXT Canada
  • North Forge Technology Exchange
  • Platform Calgary
  • Real Investment Fund III L.P. o/a FounderFuel
  • Ryerson Futures Inc.
  • Spark Commercialization and Innovation Centre
  • Spring Activator
  • The DMZ at Ryerson University
  • Toronto Business Development Centre (TBDC)
  • TSRV Canada Inc. (operating as Techstars Canada)
  • VIATECWaterloo Accelerator Centre
  • York Entrepreneurship Development Institute
  1. Meeting the language Start-Up Visa requirement

Like other visa programs, a start-up visa program requires you to submit a language proficiency report to show your English or French Language level. The minimum requirement is CLB 5.

The test results must be valid and less than two years old at the time of application submission.

Canadian immigration accepts English test results from the following test providers:

  • IELTS (General test)
  • CELPIP (General test)

French language test results may also be submitted:

  • TEF
  • TCF
  1. Proof of adequate settlement funds

Apart from investment commitments for your business in Canada, you must show that you have sufficient funds to support yourself while you are in Canada. This is one of the common requirements that almost all Canada permanent residence visa candidates must fulfill.

The amount you must have varies depending on the number of people applying along with you.

No. of Family Members Funds Required
1 $12,960
2 $16,135
3 $19,836
4 $24,083
5 $27,315
6 $30,806
7 $34,299
For Each Individual $34299

In some rare cases, your designated investor may be agreed to cooperate with you with settlement funding!

  1. Meeting the Requisite Security and Medical Clearances for Immigration

Start-Up Visa candidates must be free of criminal records, and therefore, a Police clearance certificate is essential. Candidates also need to go to Panel Physicians for medical exams and get medical approval to submit while applying to the Startup Visa Program.

Family Class Immigration to Canada

Family Class Immigration to Canada

If you are living in Canada with a status of Permanent Resident or Citizen, you may be able to sponsor your family members to immigrate to Canada and live in Canada indefinitely. Family sponsorship has been one of the important aspects of Canadian immigration for a long time.

It is hard for immigrants to leave family members behind in their native countries. So, through family sponsorship, it is now quite easy to reunite with family members.

Through Family Class immigration in Canada, a Canadian permanent resident or citizen can sponsor the following family members:

  • Spouse, common-law, or conjugal partner
  • Dependent kids
  • Parent
  • Grandparent
  • Sibling, nephew, niece, or grandchild under 18 years whose parents are deceased
  1. Spousal/Common-Law sponsorship immigration to Canada

Spousal Sponsorship immigration to Canada is a popular visa program. Canadian citizen and Canadian Permanent residents can sponsor their foreign partner to come to Canada to join their partner. This is one of the important visa classes that is given utmost priority by the Canada IRCC. It is important to understand that the Canadian IRCC will grant a visa to a foreign spouse only if it finds out a genuine and committed relationship between husband and wife.

Spouse/Common-law sponsorship immigration to Canada requirements:

  • You must be at least 18 years old
  • You live in Canada or planning to return to Canada once your spouse or partner is granted a visa
  • You are capable to provide all the basic needs of your spouse or partner for at least three years
  • You must have a house to provide proper accommodation for your spouse in Canada.

It is very important to know the following issues that an immigration officer will be investigated on

  • The relationship between husband and wife must be ongoing and genuine
  • The relationship between them is long-lasting
  • Evidence to prove the authenticity of the marriage
  • Proof of registration of marriage with a government authority
  • The couple intends to maintain a quarrel free conjugal life

2. Parent and Grandparent Program

Canadian citizens and permanent residents can sponsor their parents and grandparents for immigration to Canada. Parents and grandparents approved under this program receive Canadian permanent residence and may eventually be able to apply for Canadian citizenship.

Your parents and grandparents can relish the full advantages of Canadian PR including being able to work in Canada, get health care coverage, get full protection under Canadian law and the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and apply to become a Canadian citizens once they meet the Canadian Citizenship eligibility criteria.

The Parent and Grandparent Program (PGP) announced a lottery system for selection, so candidates are selected quite randomly. This PGP is a kind of first-come, first-served immigration program. So, to sponsor grandparents, Canadian citizens and permanent residents first submit an Interest to a Sponsor on the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). If the invitation is received, then there will be a 90-day period to submit a complete visa application to sponsor the grandparent.

Parent and grandparent immigration to Canada requirements:

  • Be a Canadian citizen or permanent resident living in Canada
  • Be at least 18 years of age
  • Be the child or grandchild of the person(s) they are sponsoring
  1. Super Visa for Parents and Grandparents

Super visa for parents and grandparents is a non-immigrant option. But, this visa plays an important role for the immigrants and their foreign living parents and grandparents. If the sponsorship for permanent residence for parents or grandparents is not possible, the Canadian IRCC offers a Super Visa for parents and grandparents. The Super Visa is a long-term, multiple-entry visitor visa that can be issued for a period of up to 10 years.

  1. Refugee and humanitarian programs

The Canadian government has recognized this basic human right since 1951 when it retained the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees (the Geneva Convention). The right to life, liberty, and security of the person is also enshrined in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

Refugee Determination

To be granted asylum status in Canada as a refugee, a candidate must be outside his or her home country and have a well-founded fear of torture and persecution.

Bringing refugees to Canada from overseas countries is known as resettlement. Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC, formerly CIC) resettles people and families based on referrals from the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR), other referral organizations, and private sponsorship groups.

The refugee claim process for immigration to Canada

Canada has obliged itself to save true refugees, that is, not to transmit them back to persecution and danger. People who get to Canada on their own can claim refugee protection at any border point, or inside Canada, at a Canadian Immigration Visa Office.  Refugee claims are complex and there’s always a lot at stake. It’s always desirable for people seeking refugee protection to be represented by a competent Canadian attorney with skills in this particular area of the law. Refugee Status application processing times vary from one Canadian Immigration Visa office to another.

  • Government-sponsored refugees
  • Privately sponsored refugees
  • Dependents of refugees

People who have a refugee claim rejected, abandoned, or withdrawn may ultimately apply for a Pre-Removal Risk Assessment (PRRA). This is an advantage for people who are facing disposition from Canada to seek protection by describing, in writing, the dangers they believe they would face if removed.

  1. Humanitarian and Compassionate program

The humanitarian and Compassionate program, also known as H&C, is a Canadian permanent residence application program. Each year, a great number of people living in Canada become Canadian permanent residents through the Humanitarian and Compassionate program.

H&C is for people who do not have legal status in Canada but who have completely made Canada their ultimate home.

Humanitarian and Compassionate (H&C) immigration to Canada requirements:

Candidates can use the H&C application to receive Canadian PR on humanitarian and compassionate grounds if you:

  • are a foreign national currently living in Canada
  • need an exemption from one or more requirements of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) or Regulations to apply for Canadian PR
  • believe humanitarian and compassionate considerations justify granting the exemption(s) you need
  • are not eligible to apply for permanent residence from within Canada in any of these classes:
  • Spouse or Common-Law Partner
  • Caregivers: caring for children or people with high medical needs
  • Protected Person and Convention Refugees
  • Temporary Resident Permit Holder

You are NOT eligible to apply for Canada PR under H&C if you:

  • are a Canadian citizen
  • a permanent resident
  • have submitted an H&C application for which a decision has not been made
  • have an outstanding refugee claim
  • became a designated foreign national within the last 5 years

Temporary Work Permits in Canada

Temporary Work Permits in Canada

International Experience Canada (IEC)

International Experience Canada work permits are approved through a randomized draw system. The chance of getting International Experience Canada Work Permits approval does not depend on EOI itself. Chances of success depend on the allocation for each program and country. There are three separate programs. IRCC has set general requirements, interested candidates must verify the requirements for the separate programs. Each program has unique requirements, and can result in a different form of work authorization:

  • Working Holiday
  • Young Professionals
  • International Co-op Internship

Intra-Company Transfer

The Intra-Company Transferee, a Canada work permit program, allows multi-national companies with a presence in Canada to transfer staff to their Canadian branch, affiliate, or subsidiary office.

To be eligible to work in Canada under the Intra-Company Transfer (ICT) program, foreign workers must fall into one of three defined categories:

Executives primarily direct the management of the enterprise, or a major component thereof, and receive only general (if any) supervision from higher-level executives.

Senior managers manage all or part of the enterprise and supervise or control the work of other managers or professional employees.

Workers with ‘specialized knowledge’ can prove specialized knowledge of the enterprise’s product or service, or an advanced level of expertise in the enterprise’s processes and procedures.

In all cases, workers being transferred to Canada must have at least one year of full-time work experience with the foreign enterprise and be coming to Canada to perform comparable work.

Requirements for Canadian work permits under the Intra-Company Transferee program:

  • A worker must have been working for the company in a similar capacity for at least one year.
  • The proposed employee must be offered a salary in Canada that meets or exceeds the “prevailing wage” for their occupation.
  • The Canadian business will have to demonstrate a qualifying relationship with its foreign counterpart – e.g. parent, subsidiary, branch, or affiliate.

Free Trade Agreements

Usually, foreign workers who are qualified under an FTA need a work permit but are exempt from obtaining a Labor Market Impact Assessment (LMIA), making the process of obtaining a Canada work permit cheaper and quick.

The Canada-United States-Mexico (CUSMA) agreement is the largest FTA to which Canada is a party, and is similar to several Free Trade Agreements to which Canada is a party:

The Canada-European Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA), along with Chile, Peru, Columbia, and Korea FTAs are akin to CUSMA and all contain provisions that allow temporary entry to 4 groups of business persons: business visitors, professionals, intra-company transferees, and traders and investors.

Under the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), professionals are authorized to enter either as professionals or intra-company transferees.

Eligibility requirements vary expressively from one category to another. However, the same LMIA exemption applies.

  • Canada-United States-Mexico (CUSMA) Agreement. Formerly known as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
  • Canada-Chile FTA
  • Canada-Peru FTA
  • Canada-Colombia FTA
  • Canada-Korea FTA
  • Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA)
  • GATS
  • Canada–Panama Free Trade Agreement
  • Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP)

Canada Work permits for spouses and partners of foreign workers and students

An Open Work Permit (OWP) allows a successful candidate to work in Canada in ANY job, without limits.  The successful candidate of an OWP does not require an LMIA or confirmation of employment first.  Once the work permit is approved, the holder can apply and work in any job/occupation in Canada.

Foreigners that are qualified for an Open Work permit:

  • Spouse/common-law partner being sponsored for Permanent Residence through an Inland Spousal Application
  • International study permit holders who recently graduated from a Canadian post-secondary institution and are eligible for the Post-Graduation Work Permit Program can apply for a Post-Graduation Open Work Permit
  • Spouse/common-law partner of a Temporary Foreign Worker
  • ​Spouse/common-law partners of International Students studying in Canada
  • International Experience Canada (IEC) Candidates.

Visa Options To Study in Canada

 Visa Options To Study in Canada

A Canadian study permit is not an immigration program. A study permit is always a non-immigration program. But, a study permit can be one of the Canadian immigration pathways. A candidate for a Canadian study permit may include his or her dependent family members on the application, so that they may accompany the primary candidate to Canada. A dependent spouse may be able to get an open work permit, allowing them to work for any Canadian employer, and minor children may be able to study at Canadian schools.

To be eligible to apply for a Canadian study permit, a prospective student must:

  • Get a letter of acceptance from a designated learning institution to apply for a Canadian study permit;
  • Demonstrate sufficient financial support to cover the first year of tuition, as well as living expenses and return transportation to his or her home country
  • Obtain a Certificat d’acceptation du Quebec (Quebec Acceptance Certificate, or CAQ) if he or she needs to study in Montreal or elsewhere in the Quebec province
  • Have a clean record. Visa candidates with a criminal background, or who pose a risk to Canadian security, may be refused. IRCC may request a candidate to supply a police clearance certificate
  • Be in good health. IRCC may request a candidate to complete a medical examination; and,
  • Satisfy the immigration officer that he or she will leave Canada at the end of the stay authorized by the study permit

The candidate may also be required to submit the following supporting documents:

  • Passport for the applicant and every family member included on the application;
  • Two passport photos for the applicant and each family member are included on the application, with the full name and date of birth written on the back;
  • Photocopy of marriage certificate, if applicable; and,
  • Any further documents are required by specific visa offices.

Things To Know Before Moving To Canada

Canada Relocation Guide

Housing in Canada

Finding a good home in Canada is the first thing any immigrant will want to make sure of. Depending on the circumstances, a newcomer in Canada may wish to find temporary accommodation in Canada first, and search for apartments or houses for rent later on.

As of May 2020, some data shows that the cost of house renting in Canada’s most popular destination cities can vary. A good 1-bedroom apartment in the city of Edmonton would possibly cost less than $1,000 a month, but the same quality apartment in Vancouver may cost $2,000. Between these price ranges, you may find that Calgary, Montreal, and Hamilton are close to the lower end, while Ottawa and Toronto are closer to the more expensive end.

Healthcare

Healthcare in Canada is publicly funded, meaning the expenses of health and medicine are shared by taxpayers. Immigrants holding Canadian PR or Work Permits do not have to pay for most healthcare and hospital services in Canada. New permanent residents, as well as some foreign workers on work permits and some international students, might apply for public health insurance from their province or territory. Often, newcomers will have easy access to provincial health coverage as soon as they arrive in Canada.

Banks & Taxes

Like in other countries, In Canada, you will pay income tax on your income. If you have a salary, taxes are taken off routinely. If you are a self-employed individual, you may have to pay your taxes in a single payment or several payments.

Importantly, you must submit your income tax return to tell the government authority how much income you have made and how much tax you paid. If your tax payment is not appropriate you will be notified by the Canada Revenue Agency tax services office. Federal and provincial income tax forms come in the same package, except in the province of Quebec.

If you leave Canada for a prolonged period, you may still need to file an income tax return for that year.

Education

Compared to some other countries, Canada’s undergraduate tuition fees are fairly cheap. Canada’s undergraduate tuition fees in Canada are typically between $12,000 and $18,000 per annum. Average Living costs are around the same price as competitive countries like the U.S., UK, and Australia. Small apartments’ rent costs can be anywhere from $400 to $1,500 a month depending on where you are looking to live.

Cost of Living

immigrants prefer to look for housing in big cities because there are more job vacancies compared in smaller towns or any other regional area. It is to be considered that cities are always expensive. But, if you can get a good job or start a profitable business, you can make living in one of the country’s leading cities work for you.

Cost of the 10 Cheapest Cities to Live in Canada

 

City Average Cost Per Person Average Cost for 4 People
Sherbrooke, Quebec $878 $3,206
London, Ontario $1,013 $3,646
Winnipeg, Manitoba $1,070 $3,829
Moncton, New Brunswick $1,065 $3,840
Kitchener, Ontario $1,071 $3,786
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan $1,131 $3,945
Regina, Saskatchewan $1,124 $4,012
Saint John, New Brunswick $1,176 $4,205
Calgary, Alberta $1,154 $4,110
Edmonton, Alberta $1,183 $4,191

The most expensive cities to live in Canada include:

  • Vancouver, British Columbia
  • Toronto, Ontario
  • Montreal, Quebec
  • Calgary, Alberta
  • Ottawa, Ontario

Pros and Cons of Moving to Canada

Pros and Cons of Moving to Canada

The Pros of Moving To Canada

Quality of life

Canadians do not see air pollution. people choose this country for its natural beauty and outstanding landscapes.

Strong employment market

Even though a slowdown is expected as Canada exits the recent COVID-19 wave this winter, economists are still forestalling a strong 2022, with the Canadian unemployment rate expected to hang below 6 percent for much of the year.

When the recent COVID wave dissipates, experts can expect hiring to ramp up. Indeed, Statistics Canada estimates that there were around one million job vacancies close to the end of 2021.

In that report, StatsCan noted ‘The record-high job vacancies observed in recent months has focused attention on the extent to which unmet labor demand will contribute to upward pressure on wages.’

Safety for children

Canadian will enjoy a low crime rate compared to other countries. Therefore, this country I considered very safe for children.

Excellent healthcare

The healthcare system in Canada is recognized as one of the best in the world. People don’t need to travel to another country for any kind of health-related issues.

High-quality educational system

Canada also includes an extraordinary higher education system and it has been ranked top in the worldwide rankings. Canada is the home of the best schools and universities.

The Cons of Moving To Canada

Harsh weather condition

Because of the sprawling nature of Canada’s landscapes, the climate is incredibly varied. Despite the country’s stunning natural beauty, some parts may be put off by the freezing winters. However, Canadians do not stop themselves from enjoying an active outdoor lifestyle and sports like skiing and hockey!

Expensive to live in cities

Choosing to live in cities are expensive in Canada. Living expenses in the Cities like Vancouver, Toronto, Montreal, and Calgary, are so expensive. But, people with good incomes can enjoy living in these modern cities in Canada.

Conclusion

Canada is undoubtedly the best place for immigration to Canada with families. People do not care about the harsh weather of Canada anymore. Canada’s employment opportunities, high-quality lifestyle, high-quality education, world-class healthcare, and human rights, have truly made Canada unique and one of the top livable countries.

FAQs

How Much Money do You Need to Immigrate to Canada?

Canada IRCC offers a wide range of immigration programs. Each program has its fee structure. For example, an Express Entry candidate requires to pay for ECA, IELTS/CELPIP, Visa application fees, and Province fees if applicable. But, there is always a settlement fund to show before applying to live in Canada permanently.

 

Number of
family members
Funds required
(in Canadian dollars)
1 $13,213
2 $16,449
3 $20,222
4 $24,553
5 $27,847
6 $31,407
7 $34,967
For each additional family member $3,560

 

What are the Requirements to Immigrate to Canada?

Each program has its requirement. But, a person who has a higher educational degree, work or business experience, English test score, and is not overaged, may find a way to fulfill the visa requirements to immigrate to Canada.

How does the Canadian immigration process work?

Canada admits new permanent residents under four major categories. In 2019, 58 percent of new permanent residents were admitted through the economic immigration stream, followed by 27 percent through family sponsorship options, 14 percent through protected persons and refugees, and 1 percent through humanitarian or other.

What is the Fastest Way to Immigrate to Canada?

Express Entry is Canada’s fastest and most popular immigration program. Eligible Candidates that apply through the Express Entry system can receive permanent residence status as soon as six months.

What is the Maximum Age for Canadian Immigration?

There is no age limit requirement for any Canadian immigration program. in most categories of economic immigration to Canada, candidates between 25 and 35 obtain the maximum points. That doesn’t mean older candidates cannot be invited to apply for Canadian immigration.

Is it Easy to Immigrate to Canada?

The Canadian government has made immigration easy! Because Canada needs more immigrants to contribute to the ongoing economic developments in Canada.  IRCC offers Canada immigration pathways under the economic immigration to Canada, and PNPs to attract more and more people to live and work in Canada.

Do I Need a Job Offer to Immigrate to Canada?

No, you do not need a job offer to immigrate to Canada. Although, some programs made a job offer a mandatory criterion to get selected.

Can I Get Canadian Dual Citizenship?

Dual citizenship occurs when someone is a citizen of two or more countries. A citizen of Canada will retain Canadian citizenship upon acquiring second citizenship in another country.

Can I Bring My Family to Canada?

Yes, you can! Bringing family members like spouses, children, parents, and grandparents are easier.

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How To Move To Australia?

Do you want to move to Australia? Are you looking for a relocation guide to understand how the Australian migration really works? This relocation guide covers information about the most popular Australian migration programs and how one can settle down.

People from different parts of the world want to know if it is hard or easy to relocate to Australia. If you already have a job offer or an employment contract from Australia, the resettling process could be pretty simple and straightforward. You just need to apply for an appropriate work visa. If you can create a business and job opportunities for locals, your chances of a smooth transition and successful work permit application become even greater.

Why do you need to migrate to Australia? Well, expats living in this country enjoy many benefits of migrating to Australia including a high quality of living, great education, good healthcare, fantastic work-life balance, and decent work benefits from employers.

 

An Introduction to Australian Visas for Migration Purposes

 

What Is an Australian Visa?

An Australian Visa is a permit that allows you to travel to Australia for a predetermined period of time. Unlike most other countries, Australia does not issue visa stamps or labels on your passport. Instead, your visa privileges are recorded electronically on an online system, and when you travel to Australia, the airport immigration officer will check the database to verify whether you have a valid visa.

What are the ways to settle down in Australia?

Understanding all the ways of settling down in Australia can be difficult to understand. Therefore, we can make it easy by classifying the visa categories. There are many ways to migrate to Australia. Australian Department of Home Affairs is offering a wide range of programs to people interested to move to Australia.

Migration To Australia

Skilled professionals and business people can come to Australia proving their skills, expertise, and projected contributions to Australian economy. On the other hand, family members like partner, parents, and children can apply to many different visa programs and get Australian permanent residency. Importantly, student visa is a non-immigrant visa option. But, from student visa, one could stay in Australia, get temporary residency, and later become eligible to apply for permanent residency. Therefore, study visas can also be an option to settle down in Australia.

 

Popular Migration Pathways to Australia

Australia Working and Skilled Visas

1. Working and Skilled Visas

There are visa subclasses that are suitable for skilled professionals, business owners, entrepreneurs, job seekers, talents, and sponsored employees. Most of the visa subclasses in this segment require an applicant to submit an Expression of Interest (EOI). An applicant cannot lodge a visa application unless an invitation from the Department of Home Affairs is received.

Major steps for working and skilled visas:

Popular Migration Pathways to Australia

General Skilled Migration (Visa Subclass 189, 190, 491)

There are a variety of skilled migration options for people who want to migrate to Australia by demonstrating their qualifications and skills.

Skilled Independent Visa (Subclass 189)

The visa subclass 189 visa is a permanent residence visa application allowing the applicants to remain indefinitely in Australia with full work rights. This visa subclass does not need any sort of sponsorship from Australian State, Territory or family.

Skilled professionals who wish to migrate to Australia can apply to Australian Skilled Migration (Subclass 189). Applicants must fulfill all the requirements, calculate passing scores and look for the availability of their occupations (ANZCSO) before proceeding to apply.

Skilled Nominated Visa (Subclass 190)

This visa is a point-based permanent-residency visa to Australia. Interested applicants must first submit an Expression of Interest to the Department of Home Affairs. Australia. SkillSelect accepts EOI submissions all through the year. The subclass 190 is a state-nominated visa. Successful applicants must initially stay in the specific state that has invited him or her.

This is a state-nominated permanent residence visa which is granted to highly skilled people to move to Australia for work.

Skilled Work Regional Provisional Visa (Subclass 491)

Visa subclass 491 is a 5-year Provisional Visa. It allows highly eligible professionals and their family members to live, and work in the designated regional areas of Australia. The validity of the visa is 5 years. Although it is a provisional visa, the visa applicant can apply for permanent residency after 3 years if the requirements for the PR visa subclass 191 are fulfilled by the applicant.

This is a state-nominated provisional visa for highly skilled migrants that allows visa applicants to live and work in regional areas of Australia for up to five years.

Eligibility requirements for General Skilled Migration:

  • Make sure your occupation is available on the relevant Skilled Occupation List
  • Meet the pass mark in the skilled migration points test
  • Be aged between 18 and maximum 44
  • Have a positive outcome from the Skills Assessing Authority.
  • Have Competent or higher score in English Language Test
  • Meet the health and character requirements
  • Lodge an EOI and be invited to apply

Employer-Sponsored Stream (Subclass 494)

The Subclass 494, Skilled Employer-Sponsored Regional visa, is a provisional (temporary residence) visa that allows a visa holder to live, work, and study in a regional area of Australia. If the visa holder can meet the residence requirements, he or she can apply for a Permanent Regional Visa.

This visa supports regional employers to address recognized labour shortages within their area by sponsoring skilled employees where employers can’t source an appropriately skilled Australian worker

Eligibility requirements for Employer Sponsored stream visa (subclass 494):

  • be nominated to work in an occupation which is listed on the skilled occupation list
  • have at least 3 years relevant work experience in your nominated occupation
  • have a positive skills assessment outcome
  • work only for your sponsor or associated entity, unless an exemption applies
  • be under 45 years of age, unless an exemption applies
  • meet minimum of English language proficiency test score

The Global Talent Visa

The Global Talent Visa program targets to attract top talent in specific sectors. This program is mainly designed to help Australia compete with the first world countries such as Canada, the US and the UK for the world’s finest and brightest. This visa subclass aims individuals who are notable in their area and who are expected to be able to earn at least AUD$153,600 in Australia. This volume of earning relates to the Fair Work High Income Threshold (FWHIT) which is indexed yearly generally on 1 July.

Eligibility requirements for Global Talent Visa:

  • stay in Australia indefinitely
  • work and study anywhere in Australia
  • avail Medicare
  • sponsor your relatives to come to Australia
  • travel to and from Australia for 5 years
  • if eligible, apply for Australian citizenship and passport

Visas for Business People and Entrepreneurs

Australia could be the best place for business expansion. Business owners and entrepreneurs from Asia, Europe, Middle East, and even from the U.S. come to Australia to expand their business activities.

The Business Innovation & Investment Visa, Subclass 188, is the most popular visa program for business people.  There are many streams under Business Innovation & Investment visa

Business Innovation Stream (188A)

This stream is for business owners seeking to establish business operations in Australia. The visa subclass 188A is a provisional visa which allows business owners and entrepreneurs to come to Australia and start business activities. Successful visa applicants can operate a new or existing business in Australia, bring dependent family members to live in Australia and apply for permanent residency Business Innovation and Investment (Permanent) visa (subclass 888) Business Innovation stream. A 2-year extension may be allowed once you have held the subclass 188 visa for 3 years, giving you total 6 years from the date of grant of the visa grant.

Eligibility requirements for 188A visa:

  • You should be owning a business with annual turnover of at least AUD 500,000 for at least 2 of the last 4 financial years;
  • Your personal and business asset value must be at least AUD 800,000;
  • You must be under 55 years of age, but some states may allow applicants older than 55;
  • You must meet the pass mark in the Business Innovation and Investment Points test(currently 65)
  • You must have a successful business track record.

Investor Visa (Subclass 188B)

This visa stream is for people who are willing to invest $1.5 million in an Australian State or Territory bonds. Once you have managed an investment in Australian State or Territory for 4 years, you can apply for permanent residence along with your dependent family members through the Business Innovation & Investment (Residence) Subclass 888 visa.

This visa is suitable for business owners and investors who want to carry out business and investment activity in Australia; bring eligible members and apply for a permanent Business Innovation and Investment (Permanent) visa (subclass 888) Investor stream if certain requirements are met

Eligibility requirements for Investor visa (Visa subclass 188B):

  • You must be owning net assets of at least AUD 2.25 million for the last 2 fiscal years
  • You must be under 55 years of age, unless the nominating state or territory accepts overaged applicants.
  • Meet the 188 visa pass mark (currently 65)
  • You must be ready to make an investment of AUD 1.5 million in Australian State or Territory bonds prior to grant of the visa
  • You must have at least 3 years of experience either managing a successful business or qualified investments, and have revealed an excellent management skill
  • For at least 1 of the last 5 financial years, you have either:
  • Managed a business in which you have at least 10% shareholding; or
  • Managed eligible investments of at least AUD 1.5 million

Significant Investor Stream (Subclass 188C)

The significant investor stream, 188C, is for people willing to invest $5 million into complying investments in Australia. The Significant Investor visa is a 4-year provisional visa for individuals wishing to make at least AUD 5 million investment in an Australian state or territory. It is one of the visa streams within the Subclass 188 Business Innovation and Investment visa.

Once you have managed an investment in Australia for at least 4 years, you and your family members may become eligible apply for permanent residence through the Business Innovation & Investment (Residence) Subclass 888 visa.

Unlike the 188A visa, you will need to stay 40 days per year inside Australia and be sponsored by one of Australian state or territory.

The visa subclass 188C is for people who invest at least AUD5 million in Australian investments that meet specific requirements and manage investment activity in Australia

For visa grant purposes, you must make an investment of at least AUD 5 million in a “complying investment”. A complying investment must be made up of:

  • at least AUD500,000 in venture capital and growth private equity funds which invest in start-ups and small companies
  • at least AUD1.5 million in approved managed funds. The managed funds must invest in emerging companies listed on the Australian Stock Exchange
  • a ‘balancing investment’ of at least AUD3 million in managed funds

*Unlike other 188 visa streams, there is no age limits in this visa.

Entrepreneur Stream

This stream is for people who have a funding agreement from a third party for at least AUD200 000 to undertake a complying entrepreneur activity. This visa, subclass 188E, lets you carry out entrepreneurial activities in Australia. The 188E Business visa is good option for entrepreneurs with motivation and innovative ideas and financial backing from third parties. Like other 188 visa streams, it is also a 4-year temporary visa and is only available to people who have been nominated by one of Australian state or territory government. To be nominated to lodge a visa application, the applicant must lodge an Expression of Interest (EOI) through the SkillSelect system.

The visa applicants can either be in Australia or overseas at the time of visa lodgment.

If the applicant is in Australia:

Must hold a Substantive Visa or a Bridging A, B or C visa.

this visa is ideal for people who wish to conduct entrepreneurial activity in Australia and bring dependent family members to live in Australia.

Eligibility requirements for Entrepreneur Stream (Subclass 188E):

  • undertake, or propose to undertake, a complying entrepreneur activity in Australia
  • have a funding agreement of at least AUD200,000 to carry out entrepreneurial activity in Australia
  • demonstrate a strong business plan for your entrepreneurial activity in Australia
  • have at least competent English 

Australia Studying and Training Visa

2. Studying and Training Visa

Studying and training visas are non-immigrant visas. The ultimate purpose of studying and training visa is to allow foreign students to come to Australia and study. Fortunately, students can get temporary residency after completing undergrad or masters in Australia. During their temporary residency, students can do full-time job and later apply for skilled migration visas like visa subclass 189, 190, or 491.

Are you interested to study in Australia? Overseas international students planning to pursue a course in Australia (more than 3 months) must get an Australian student visa. There are a number of visa subclasses to choose depending on age, occupation, duration of stay and purpose. But, in most of the cases, international students who are planning to study in Australia should go for Australian Student Visa, Subclass 500.

With this visa you can:

  • participate in an eligible course of study in Australia;
  • travel in and out of Australia; and
  • work up to 40 hours every 2-week period once your course starts

Australian Student Visa Process

Eligibility requirements for Australian Student Visa (Subclass 500)

To apply for the Australian student visa, subclass 500, the student must meet the following criteria:

  • Genuine Temporary Entrant Criteria

The new easy student visa outline vigorously focuses on the genuineness of the student to make sure whether the purpose of stay in Australia is for study purpose or to stay temporarily. The requirement demands student immigration history and circumstances in home country.

  • Financial Status

Financial solvency is very important for student visa. The student must show the financial ability to cover the tuition fees and living costs. The Department of Home Affairs have the thorough rights to ask for strong evidence that demonstrates your financial capacity.

  • Certificate of Enrolment in a registered course of study

At the time of application submission, you will be required to submit a Certificate of Enrolment provided from a registered academic institute in Australia. Students who are sponsored from foreign affairs or defense exception are considered approved for this obligation.

  • English Language necessity

Some students do not need to provide evidence of English language proficiency, for example: IELTS, TOEFL, etc. If the academic institute relaxes this requirement for the student, then there is no need to submit any English test score. However, the ones with higher immigration risks must provide evidence of their English language ability with a satisfactory test with their visa application.

  • Welfare arrangements for the students younger than 18 years of age

If you are under 18 years of age, you need to attach all the evidence of your welfare arrangements in Australia.

  • Health and Character Requirements

Students submitting for this visa must be of good character and go through some important medical tests to fulfil some requirements of the application. The students must also obtain Overseas Students Health Cover (OSHC) to get the visa granted.

Australian Family and Partner Visa

3. Family and Partner Visas

A family member of Australian Citizen, Permanent resident, or eligible New Zealand Citizen, can apply to live in Australia. There are a number of options for parents, partners, and children to migrate to Australia and live with their family members in Australia.

Parent Visa

Contributory Aged Parent Visa (Subclass 884)

The visa subclass 884 is the Contributory Aged Parent Visa that allows aged parents of an Australian citizen or permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen to live in Australian temporarily. With this visa, the applicant can live in Australia for up to 2 years, do business or job and study in Australia, and apply for a permanent Contributory Aged Parent visa (subclass 864).

This temporary visa, subclass 884, lets the aged parent of a settled Australian citizen, Australian permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen stay temporarily in Australia.

Eligibility requirements for Contributory Aged Parent Visa (Subclass 884):

  • have an eligible child who is an Australian citizen, an Australian permanent resident or an eligible New Zealand citizen
  • be an aged enough to receive the Australian aged pension (65 years or above)
  • be inside Australia, but not in immigration clearance, when you apply for 884 visa and when the DHA makes the decision
  • not have previously submitted or hold a Sponsored Parent (Temporary) (Subclass 870) visa when applying for this visa
  • Pass the balance of family test.
  • You must both satisfy the character and health requirements.

 

Contributory Aged Parent visa (Subclass 864)

The visa subclass – 864 is a permanent residence visa that lets the aged parent of a settled Australian citizen, Australian permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen stay in Australia. The successful visa holder can stay in Australia as a permanent resident, work and study in Australia and avail Australia’s Medicare services.

Eligibility requirements for Contributory Aged Parent visa (Subclass 864):

  • have an eligible child who is a Australian citizen, Australian permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen;
  • be aged enough to be qualified for Australian government’s pension scheme;
  • not have already submitted or hold a Sponsored Parent (Temporary) (Subclass 870) visa when submitting this visa;
  • Pass the balance of family test; and
  • You must both satisfy the character and health requirements

Parent Visa (Subclass 103)

Visa subclass 103 is a permanent residence visa that lets a parent of an Australian citizen, Australian permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen move to Australia. With this visa, the applicant can stay in Australia as a permanent resident, enroll in Australia’s public health care scheme, Medicare, apply for Australian citizenship and passport and enjoy many other benefits.

Eligibility requirements for Parent Visa (subclass 103)

  • Your children must have Australian citizenship, Australian permanent residency or eligible New Zealand citizenship status;
  • You must meet all applicable visa conditions and follow Australian DHA instructions;
  • You must not have already applied for or hold a Sponsored Parent (Temporary) (Subclass 870) visa when applying for subclass 103 visa;
  • You must pass the balance of family test; and
  • You must meet health and character requirements.

Contributory Parent Visa (Subclass 173)

This temporary visa that allows a parent of a settled Australian citizen, Australian permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen stay temporarily in Australia. With this visa, an individual can live in Australia for up to 2 years, work and study in Australia, enroll in Australia’s public health care scheme, Medicare and apply for a permanent Contributory Parent visa (subclass 143). With this visa, the visa holder cannot avail any sort of government support.

If your visa is approved and wish to stay in Australia indefinitely, you can then apply for a Contributory Parent visa (subclass 143).

Applying for this temporary subclass 173 visa before the permanent subclass 143 visa lets you spread the costs of your migration over a number of years.

Apply for a Contributory Parent (subclass 143) visa

You can spread the cost of the permanent visa over a number of years by applying in 2 steps:

  • first, apply for the temporary Contributory Parent (Temporary) (subclass 173) visa, then
  • apply for the permanent Contributory Parent (subclass 143) visa

Eligibility requirements for Contributory Parent Visa (subclass 173):

  • be sponsored by a child who is an Australian citizen, Australian Permanent resident or Eligible New Zealand citizen;
  • meet the balance of family test;
  • meet all visa conditions and understand Australian immigration law
  • meet health and character requirements

Child Visa

Child Visa (Subclass 101)

The visa subclass 101 will allow a child to immigrate to Australia as a permanent resident, study and access to Medicare and apply for Australian citizenship and passport.

Eligibility requirements for Child Visa (Subclass 101):

  • be a dependent child of a parent who is an Australian citizen, Australian permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen
  • be under 18 years, a full-time learner aged over 18 and under 25 and financially dependent on the parent, or over 18 and unable to work due to a disability
  • be unmarried and dependent on the parent
  • be living outside Australia when the application is made

Note: The Department is not asking Family visa applicants to travel offshore at this time.

Partner Visa

Partner Visa (Subclass 309)

Subclass 309 visa is a provisional visa issued to a partner of Australian citizen or permanent resident. Subclass 309 visa will lead to a permanent visa Subclass 100, which will only be granted once minimum 2 years has passed since the Subclass 309 Partner (Provisional) visa application was lodged.

Partner visa applicants that has been in a long-term partner relationship with the sponsoring partner will be granted permanent Subclass 100 Partner (Migrant) visa in a 1-step process.

Long-term partner relationship is a relationship that has continued for:

  • at least 2 years if there is a dependent child of both the applicant and the Australian spouse/partner;
  • at least 3 years if without a child in the relationship.

Types of Australian Partner Visas:

There are three types of Australian Partner Visa:

Eligibility requirements for Partner Visa (Outside Australia)

  • Subclass 309 is a provisional visa that allows the applicant to stay in Australia for two years and apply for a permanent one.
  • You must be outside of Australia at the time of applying and the decision of the visa
  • You and your partner must prove that you both have stayed together for at least 1 year before your application
  • You must meet character and health requirements
  • You are eligible to be assessed for a permanent Partner Visa (Subclass 100) if you are holding the provisional 309 visas, about 24 months after the lodgment of the application. For the permanent visa, you must prove that you are still a legitimate couple. For this assessment, you will need to provide further documents.
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Has Your Visa Expired or About to Expire in Australia?

Stay a Little Longer

Check out what you will need to do if COVID19 forces you to stay longer.

When you desire to stay in Australia for longer, you need to apply for a new visa. If your current visa contains a condition that restricts you from staying longer, you will not be eligible to apply for a new one in Australia.

Your visa options and what you need to do to stay legal while applying for a new visa will be determined by your circumstances.

  • Check the date and conditions of your visa’s expiration.
  • Before you consider your alternatives for staying longer, you should be aware of the following:
  • Whether you have a condition that prevents you from staying longer on your other visa conditions when your visa ends

In VEVO, the myVEVO app, or your visa grant letter, look up your visa expiration date and restrictions. The free myVEVO app is available in the Apple and Google app stores.

If you are in Australia on an Electronic Travel Authority (ETA), use our Check an ETA service to see when your ETA expires and what circumstances apply.

You must leave Australia before your visa expires if your visa has a condition that bans you from staying longer.

Other permits for return are available, but only after you have left Australia.

Before your visa expires, apply to extend your stay

Examine new visa choices and submit your application:

If your existing visa does not include a condition that stops you from staying longer, you may be able to apply for a new one while it is still valid.

Examine your existing visa:

Your present visa may provide a road to a different visa that you can apply for.

On the list of all visas, look for your current or most recent visa.

Additional visa options:

Examine your visa choices to see whether you qualify for a new visa and to see if you can apply for it.

On a bridging visa, stay legal:

We will normally give you a Bridging visa A (BVA) if you apply for a new visa before your existing one expires.

Your BVA maintains you legal in Australia when you do the following:

Your present visa is about to expire, and we haven’t decided on your new visa application yet.

If you need to return to Australia, do not leave on your BVA. When you depart, your BVA will expire, and you will not be allowed to return.

After being granted a BVA, you’ll need to apply for a Bridging visa B (BVB) if you want to leave and return to Australia.

When your visa has expired

If your previous visa has already expired, your options for obtaining a new one are restricted. Look at your visa possibilities. If you stay here without a valid visa, you will be doing so illegally. We anticipate your departure. 

If you want financial or other assistance in planning your trip, please contact:

  • The International Organization for Migration (IOM) 
  • Homeward Return Program 
  • The Embassy or High Commission of your native country in Australia

If you are here without a valid visa, we may take enforcement action against you, like detaining you.

Find out more about what might happen.

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Check Your Working Visa Options in Australia!

If you wish to work in Australia for some time, you will need a work visa. The sort of visa you get will depend on how long you want to stay, but you’ll almost certainly need to work in a job that’s on a skills shortage list.

Here are the options

  • Air or sea crew: People who looking to work as flight attendants or non-military ship crew.
  • Participate in or work at a unique event or activity: For persons who desire to work in the entertainment sector, participate in activities at an Australian organization’s request, or undertake full-time religious activity in Australia.
  • Help with a business or an investment: People who engage in broad business activities, such as attending a conference, seminar, or trade fair, and those who engage in entrepreneurial or business investing activities.
  • Represent a foreign government, teach a foreign language, or undertake domestic work (diplomat or consular): Those who represent a foreign government, teach a foreign language at an Australian school or do domestic work for a diplomat.
  • Take part in a research study: To take part in or observe a research project in Australia.
  • Internships and work training after graduation: For completing post-graduate work training and an internship in Australia.
  • Work that is exceptionally specialized/skilled: work that requires a high level of skill or specialization
  • On a temporary or permanent basis, for people to conduct the professional or highly technical job.
  • Working throughout the holidays or during the season: For young individuals who desire to visit Australia and work there.
  • Exchange program for kids, school, or staff: Those who want to work in a skilled position as part of a staff exchange program or take part in a special program recognized by the department that offers youth exchange, cultural enrichment, or community benefits.
  • Job in an industry designated by the Pacific Labour Scheme: People who want to take part in the Pacific Labour Scheme with the help of a Temporary Activities sponsor approved by the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT).

Subclass 400 

Visa for Temporary Work (Short-Term Specialist)

This temporary visa’s Highly Specialized Employment stream allows you to undertake short-term, highly specialized work in Australia. It is appropriate if you have specialized information, abilities, or experience not widely available in Australia.

Stay

You can provide funding for up to 6 months (depending on the circumstances).

For stays of more than three months, a compelling business case must be submitted with the application.

This visa cannot be applied for in Australia, nor can it be extended.

The price is AUD315 (except in limited circumstances)

75 percent of applications are processed in 13 days.

90 percent of applications are processed in 36 days

  • You must have specialist skills, knowledge, or experience that can assist Australian business
  • The visa allows you to do short-term, highly specialized, non-ongoing work
  • You must apply from outside of Australia
  • You must be residing outside Australia when the visa application is decided

You can work in a highly specialised job with this visa, but it must be a one-time job or activity.

Only conduct the employment or activities for which your visa was granted if you have highly specialised skills, knowledge, or expertise that will aid Australian businesses and can’t reasonably be found in Australia.

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Discover Your Visa Options for Visiting Australia!

A Tourist Stream (applying outside Australia)

This visa category allows you to travel to Australia as a tourist, on a cruise, or to visit family and friends.

  • Visit friends and family, cruise, or take a vacation
  • You must be outside Australia at the time of applying and when we decide on your visa.

Stay for up to a year

Costs start at AUD145, and processing takes around a week.

Some visa processing timeframes have been impacted by COVID-19, and applications may take longer to complete.

To assist people who require immediate travel, we are prioritize the processing of visa applications for those who are free from travel restrictions. For more information, see the visa processing times.

Visa for visitors (subclass 600)

A Tourist Stream (applying in Australia)

This visa category permits an Australian visit as a tourist, see family and friends, or for non-business or medical reasons.

  • Visit friends and family, cruise, or take a vacation
  • If you have another visa that is about to expire and wish to remain longer, this visa may be for you
  • You must be in Australia when you apply and when we decide your application.

Stay for up to a year.

Costs start at AUD370 and take around a week to complete.

  • 75% of applications received in 7 months
  • 90% of applications received in 8 months

This visa allows visiting your relatives and friends while on vacation, on a cruise, or for reasons that are not relevant to business or medical treatment.

Check out all of the conditions.

Make sure you are eligible.

You must have the intention to stay in Australia for the duration of your visit and have sufficient funds to do so.

While applying, and when we decide on your visa application, you must be present in Australia.

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Permanent Residents in Australia

Overview

By applying for and receiving a permanent visa that allows you to stay in Australia indefinitely, you can become an Australian permanent resident. Some skilled job and family visas are the most popular permanent visas.

Examine your visa alternatives to locate one that meets your requirements

Requirements

You must meet our visa requirements when applying for a permanent visa. To find out what those requirements are, see under Eligibility in each visa.

Learn more about how to meet our criteria.

Travel

The validity of the travel facility on your permanent visa will determine whether you can re-enter Australia after travelling overseas as an Australian permanent resident. You do not have the impulsive right to enter Australia.

As a permanent resident, you can take advantage of international travel.

Citizenship

After completing specific qualifications, such as being a permanent visa holder and remaining in Australia for a particular period, you may be able to become an Australian citizen.

Entitlements

An Australian permanent resident is not the same as an Australian citizen.

As an Australian permanent resident, you can generally:

  • Be able to stay in Australia indefinitely
  • Study and work in Australia
  • Join Medicare, Australia’s national health insurance programme.
  • Apply for a bank loan to purchase a home
  • Sponsor relatives who are qualified for permanent residency
  • If eligible, apply for Australian citizenship
  • You may travel to and from Australia for as long as your travel facility allows. See Overseas Travel as a Permanent Resident for further information.
  • Take advantage of the Adult Migrant English Program’s free English language classes.
  • Employment in New Zealand

Other government perks and services may be available to you. If you have a permanent visa but are not residing in Australia, you may be ineligible for the above. Confirm your rights and obligations by contacting the appropriate government agencies or authorities.

Permanent residents, unlike Australian citizens, are often unable to:

  • Be an Australian citizen
  • Unless you enlisted (as a British subject) before January 26, 1984, you are not eligible to vote in Australian government elections.
  • Obtain student loans
  • To become a member of the Australian Defence Force
  • Secure continuous employment with the Australian government
  • Returning to Australia from a foreign country without a valid travel document (you do not have the automatic right of entry to Australia). As a permanent resident, you can travel internationally.

As a permanent resident, you can travel internationally.

You do not have an impulsive right to return to Australia as an Australian permanent resident.

The travel facility validity on your permanent visa will determine your right to re-entry to Australia. Both your visa grant notice letter and the visa details issued by VEVO list your travel facility. ‘Trip facility on your permanent visa’ has more information on understanding your travel validity.

Your passport might have been wet stamped to confirm that you have an Authority to Return or Return Endorsement if you migrated to Australia before 1987 and travelled outside Australia between March 1, 1976, and December 31 1986. For more details, see ‘Authority to Return or Return Endorsement.’

On your permanent visa, you can travel.

When you have a permanent visa, you are typically given a 5-year travel allowance. This implies that as long as your permanent visa is valid, you can leave and re-enter Australian territory as many times as you want during the five years after your permanent visa was issued.

Your travel facility will expire in 5 years. You must apply for and be awarded one of the following:

  • If you want to return to Australia as a permanent resident, you will need a Resident Return visa.
  • If you want to travel as an Australian citizen, you’ll need to have Australian citizenship.

If you are entering Australia on a temporary visa after your permanent visa’s travel facility has expired, it will have a negative impact on you. For more information, see ‘Resident Return Visa’ below.

Suppose you are not qualified for either of the options above and want to return to Australia as a permanent resident. In that case, you may need to apply for a permanent visa again, such as a family visa,a Former Resident visa, or a skilled visa.

In VEVO, you can see when your travel facility expires.

Reminder about the expiration of travel facilities (TFER)

The TFER service is intended to remind some permanent residents that their travel privileges on their permanent visas are about to expire in 60 days. At this time, the feature is only available to visa holders from the following countries:

  • Visa for a partner (100)
  • Visa under the Employer Nomination Scheme (856)
  • Sponsored visa for skilled workers (176)
  • Visa for a partner (801)

These notifications are only issued to visa holders who have their email addresses stored in our system and do not have a pending RRV application. Because no email address is recorded for dependants on these visas, the principal applicant’s email address is utilized instead.

Returning Resident Visa

Suppose you want to return to Australia as a permanent resident after visiting another country. In that case, you may need to apply for and be granted a Resident Return Visa (subclass 155 or subclass 157) if you meet the following criteria:

  • Your permanent visa’s travel facility has either expired or will expire while you are outside Australia.
  • You are a former permanent Australian resident whose last permanent visa has not been terminated.
  • You have lost or surrendered your citizenship as an Australian citizen.

Your entry to Australia will be rejected if you come without a valid visa (unless you are an Australian citizen).

Once your application for a Resident Return visa has been approved, your permanent Resident status will be restored. In case your application for a Resident Return visa is denied, you may need to apply for another permanent visa, such as a Former Resident visa, a family visa, or a skilled visa. You will be informed if you are eligible for any merits review processes or not.

Any permanent residents travelling outside of Australia with their families will need to apply for their Resident Return permits.

Returning to Australia without a valid travel facility (for example, entering Australia on an ETA or guest visa) could have a negative impact on both your:

  • rights and privileges as a permanent resident
  • the capacity to meet the permanent residency requirements when applying for Australian citizenship or a second Resident Return visa.

Suppose you are a permanent resident of Australia and do not desire to travel after your permanent visa’s travel capability expires. In that case, you do not require to apply for a Resident Return visa.

Return Authorization or Return Endorsement

If you arrived in Australia before 1987 and travelled outside the country between March 1, 1976, and December 31, 1986, your passport may have been wet stamped to show that you held one of the following:

  • a Return Authorization (issued between March 1, 1976, and August 31 1979)
  • a Receipt of a Return Endorsement (issued between September 1, 1979, and December 31 1986)

An Authority to Return, also known as a Return Endorsement, is a type of return document provided to Australia’s permanent residents. If you had an Authority to Return or a Return Endorsement immediately before September 1, 1994, you were considered to have been granted a Transitional (Permanent) visa by law.

The Authority to Return or Return Endorsement (Transitional (Permanent) visa allows the holder to travel to and enter Australia within three years of leaving Australia and stay in Australia eternally.

A Return Endorsement or Authority to Return (Transitional (Permanent) visa) may still be valid if:

  • It has not been postponed.
  • You have came back to Australia within three years of leaving each time.
  • You have not become a citizen of Australia.
  • You have not been given another substantive visa since September 1, 1994. This does not include the following privileges:
  • a visa issued via the Electronic Travel Authority (ETA) (subclass 956, 976, 977, or 601) on or after July 1, 2002.
  • a Border (Subclass 773) visa issued after July 1, 2002
  • With an APEC Business Card and a Visitor (Subclass 600) visa granted under the Business Visitor stream
  • a visa for a particular purpose

You are not applicable for a Resident Return visa if you presently have an Authority to Return or Return Endorsement (Transitional (Permanent) visa. If you were given a Resident Return visa after September 1, 1994, your Authority to Return or Return Endorsement (Transitional (Permanent) visa would have automatically expired.

If you have a valid Authority to Return or Return Endorsement (Transitional (Permanent) visa that is demonstrated by an Authority to Return or Return Endorsement stamp in an expired passport, you must travel to Australia with both your expired and new passports. We propose that you apply for your Authority to Return or Return Endorsement (Transitional (Permanent) visa) to be recorded in the Department’s databases as an electronic record. See ‘Informing the Department of Your Eligibility to Hold a BF-111’ for further information.

Between 1976 and 1986, examples of wet stamps

The Authority to Return and Return Endorsement wet stamps appear in the following order in your expired passport:

  • ATR is an acronym for “additional (Authority to Return)
  • Endorsement of the Return (Family Travelling)
  • Endorsement of the Return (Single Person Travelling)

If you have not travelled since 1987, now is the time to do it.

Australia began electronically processing visas in 1987. We are unlikely to have an electronic record of your permanent visa if you arrived in Australia before 1987 and have not travelled abroad since.

You may have an Authority to Return or Return Endorsement (Transitional (Permanent) visa if you had an Authority to Return or Return Endorsement wet stamp in your passport. To simplify re-entry to Australia, you can seek to have it documented as an electronic record in the form of a BF-111. A Resident Return visa is not available to you.

Note that a BF-111 visa is not one that you may apply for. The Authority to Return or Return Endorsement (Transitional (Permanent) visa is only recognized by an electronic record of your wet stamp.

Notifying the Department that you are eligible to possess a BF-111

You might have a Transitional (Permanent) visa if you had an Authority to Return or Return Endorsement wet stamped in your passport between 1976 and 1986. The Department’s current computerized systems will not record this. Before departing Australia, seek to have your Authority to Return or Return Endorsement (Transitional (Permanent) visa) registered on our systems as a BF-111 to prevent considerable delays while travelling to and from Australia.

  • Fill out the Application for Authority to Return or Return Endorsement (Transitional (Permanent) visa) form, which is recorded as a BF-111 visa form online
  • Attach copies of the necessary papers to the form:

               o Evidence of any name changes 

               o Authority to Return or Return Endorsement wet stamp

               o Both your current and previous passports’ biodata pages

This makes no difference to the terms of your visa. This service is free of charge.

A new passport is required.

If you receive a new passport, you must furnish us with the information on it to link your visa to it. Your travel may be delayed if you do not link your visa to your new passport.

Proof of long-term residency

You can use VEVO to prove permanent Resident status by • emailing or printing your status or • giving authorization for an organization or government agency to conduct a VEVO check.

This is possible as long as your visa is related to:

  • ImmiCard or passport
  • dealing with other Australian government agencies about entitlements and benefits, such as Centrelink and Medicare; or
  • Acquiring specific papers from other Australian agencies or authorities, such as: o a driver’s licence
  • Card for Maritime Security Identification (MSIC)
  • Dealing with foreign embassies, consulates, and high offices in Australia, or getting a foreign travel document

We no longer publish:

  • Certificate of Evidence of Resident Status (CERS) • New Zealand Citizens in Australia Certificate of Status (CSNZCA)
  • Travel Document for Australia
  • Visa Evidence Card • Visa Stickers or Labels

If you own a VEVO account,

Whether you have access to a VEVO record depends on whether you arrived in Australia before 1990 or after 1990.

Prior to 1990,

If you landed in Australia before 1990 and have not travelled outside of Australia since you may not have a VEVO record.

To obtain an electronic visa record, you must give the following information: 

  • identification documents, including proof of arrival in Australia; and
  • details of your valid passport.

If you do not own a passport and cannot obtain one, you may be eligible for an ImmiCard.

Once your visa has been logged in our systems and your passport or ImmiCard has been connected to the visa, you will be able to access VEVO. This will be necessary in order to gain access to VEVO.

Following 1990

Your passport is linked to your VEVO visa record. If you have ever updated your passport since your arrival Australia, you must inform us of the new information so that your visa information can be linked to the new passport. This will be necessary in order to gain access to VEVO.

Travelling abroad as a permanent resident

You are unlikely to get an electronic visa record if you are a long-term resident who came to Australia before 1990 and has not departed since. You will need to apply for an electronic visa record to use VEVO.

You must have proof of your arrival in Australia.

You can apply for access to the trip information in your movement records if you need information regarding your arrival date in Australia.

OPTIONS FOR VISAS

There are various ways to become an Australian permanent resident. The following are three popular ways to become a permanent resident:

  • a permanent visa for family members 
  • a permanent visa for workers
  • a permanent business or investment visa

Before you apply, be sure you meet our requirements. When your visa has a “no further stay” condition, you will not be able to apply for permanent residency in Australia after the term stated in your visa has expired.

Examine your visa alternatives to locate one that meets your requirements.

  • Permanent residence visas for family members
  • Permanent residency visas with a work component
  • Permanent residency visas based on business or investment

Other possibilities

Permanent residence visas for family members

These are for: 

  • partners, children, parents, or dependent relatives of an Australian citizen, Permanent Resident of Australia, or Eligible New Zealand citizen 
  • children being adopted or in the process of being adopted outside of Australia

Examine your family’s permanent visa alternatives.

Permanent residency visas with a work component

These are for people who have been sponsored to work in Australia by an Australian employer or who have abilities that are valued in Australia.

Workers should look at permanent visa options.

Permanent residency visas based on business or investment

Examine your choices for permanent visas for business or investment.

Other possibilities

Getting a Retirement Visa

For qualified retirees, the Australian government has lately established a pathway to permanent residency.

Long-term residents who have contributed significantly and are well-established in the community can take this route.

The government created the road by reserving a percentage of the permanent migration scheme’s spots for parents.

Find out more about the Retirement visa.

Visa for former residents

This visa is only available to select former long-term residents.

Visa for Global Talent

This visa is for persons who have a proven track record of extraordinary and outstanding success globally.

  • Visa for Global Talent (subclass 858)

Visas for refugees and humanitarian aid

These visas are for persons who had to flee their home country because they were being persecuted.

Explore visa alternatives to learn more about refugee and humanitarian visas.

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Permanent Resident in Australia

Overview

You can become a permanent resident of Australia by applying for and being granted a permanent visa that allows you to remain in Australia indefinitely. The most common permanent visas include some skilled work and family visas.

To find a visa that suits your needs explore visa options.

Requirements

When you apply for a permanent visa, you will need to meet our visa requirements. Look under Eligibility in each visa to see what those requirements are.

Find out more about how to meet our requirements

Travel

As an Australian permanent resident, your right to re-enter Australia after travelling overseas will depend on whether the travel facility on your permanent visa is valid. You do not have automatic right of entry to Australia.

See Overseas travel as a permanent resident

Citizenship

You may be eligible to become an Australian citizen after meeting certain requirements, including being a permanent visa holder and residing in Australia for a certain amount of time.

​Entitlements

An Australian permanent resident and an Australian citizen are not the same.

As a permanent resident of Australia, you generally can:

  • remain in Australia indefinitely
  • work and study in Australia
  • enrol in Australia’s national health scheme, Medicare
  • apply for bank loans to buy property
  • sponsor eligible relatives for permanent residence
  • apply for Australian citizenship, if eligible
  • travel to and from Australia for as long as your travel facility permits.  Please see Overseas travel as a permanent resident.
  • attend free English language classes provided by the Adult Migrant English Program
  • work in New Zealand

You may also qualify for other government benefits and services. If you hold a permanent visa, but you are not residing in Australia, your eligibility for the above may be impacted. Contact the relevant government departments or authorities to confirm your rights and obligations.

Unlike Australian citizens, a permanent resident generally cannot:

  • have an Australian passport
  • vote in Australian Government elections unless you enrolled (as a British subject) before 26 January 1984
  • access student loans
  • join the Australian Defence Force
  • obtain ongoing work in the Australian Government
  • return to Australia from overseas without a valid travel facility (you do not have automatic right of entry to Australia).

See Overseas travel as a permanent resident.

Overseas travel as a permanent resident

Overview

Travel facility on your permanent visa

Resident Return visa

Authority to Return or Return Endorsement

Examples of wet stamps between 1976 and 1986

Overview

As an Australian permanent resident, you do not have an automatic right to return to Australia from overseas.

Your right of re-entry to Australia will depend on the validity of your travel facility on your permanent visa. Your travel facility is listed in both your visa grant notification letter, and in visa information provided by VEVO. Further information on understanding your travel validity is available in ‘Travel facility on your permanent visa’.

If you migrated to Australia before 1987, and travelled outside Australia between 1 March 1976 and 31 December 1986, your passport may have been wet stamped to prove that you hold an Authority to Return or Return Endorsement. Please see ‘Authority to Return or Return Endorsement’ for further information.

Travel facility on your permanent visa

When you are granted a permanent visa, you are usually permitted a 5-year travel facility. This means you can leave and re-enter Australia as many times as you like in the 5 years from the date your permanent visa was granted, as long as your visa remains valid.

After 5 years, your travel facility expires. You will need to apply for and be granted either:

If you enter Australia on a temporary visa when the travel facility on your permanent visa has expired, this will have an adverse impact on you. See ‘Resident Return visa’ below for details.

If you are not eligible for either of the above and wish to return to Australia as a permanent resident, you may have to apply again for a permanent visa, such as a Former Resident visa, a family visa or a skilled visa.

You can check when your travel facility ends in VEVO.

Travel Facility Expiry Reminder (TFER)

The TFER service aims to remind certain permanent residents that the travel facility on their permanent visa is expiring in 60 days. The functionality is currently limited to visa holders of the following:

  • Partner visa (100)
  • Employer Nomination Scheme visa (856)
  • Skilled sponsored visa (176)
  • Partner visa (801)

These reminders are only sent via email to visa holders who do not have a pending RRV application, and have their personal email addresses recorded in our system. For dependants of these visas, with no email address recorded, the primary applicant’s personal email address is used instead.

Resident Return visa

If you wish to return to Australia as a permanent resident from any overseas travel, you may need to apply for and be granted a Resident Return visa (subclass 155 or subclass 157) if:

  • the travel facility on your permanent visa has either already expired or will expire while you are outside Australia
  • you are a former Australian permanent resident whose last permanent visa was not cancelled
  • you are a former Australian citizen who lost or renounced your citizenship.

If you intend to arrive in Australia without a valid visa, your entry will be denied (unless you are an Australian citizen).

Your permanent resident status will only be reinstated if your application for a Resident Return visa is granted. If your Resident Return visa application is refused, you may have to consider applying again for another permanent visa, such as a Former Resident visa, a family visa or a skilled visa. You will be provided with information regarding your eligibility for any merits review processes.

Any family members who are permanent residents travelling outside of Australia will need to apply for their own Resident Return visas.

Returning to Australia without a permanent visa that has a valid travel facility (for example, entering Australia on an ETA or visitor visa) may impact both your:

  • entitlements as a permanent resident
  • ability to satisfy the permanent residence requirements when applying for Australian citizenship or when applying for another Resident Return visa.

If you are in Australia as a permanent resident, you do not need to apply for a Resident Return visa if you do not wish to travel following the expiry of your permanent visa’s travel facility.

Authority to Return or Return Endorsement

If you migrated to Australia before 1987, and travelled outside Australia between 1 March 1976 and 31 December 1986, your passport may have been wet stamped to prove that you held either:

  • an Authority to Return (issued between 1 March 1976 and 31 August 1979)
  • a Return Endorsement (issued between 1 September 1979 and 31 December 1986)

An Authority to Return or a Return Endorsement is an old form of return documentation issued to Australian permanent residents. If you held an Authority to Return or a Return Endorsement immediately before 1 September 1994, you are taken to have been granted a Transitional (Permanent) visa by operation of law on 1 September 1994.

The Authority to Return or Return Endorsement (Transitional (Permanent) visa) permits the holder to travel to and enter Australia within 3 years after each departure from Australia, and to remain indefinitely in Australia. 

An Authority to Return or Return Endorsement (Transitional (Permanent) visa) could still be valid if:

  • it has not been cancelled
  • you have returned to Australia within 3 years of each departure
  • you have not become an Australian citizen
  • you have not had another substantive visa granted since 1 September 1994. This does not include the granting of:
    • an Electronic Travel Authority (ETA) (subclass 956, 976, 977, or 601) visa granted on or after 1 July 2002
    • a Border (Subclass 773) visa granted on or after 1 July 2002
    • a Visitor (Subclass 600) visa granted under the Business Visitor stream in conjunction with APEC Business Card
    • a special purpose visa

If you currently hold an Authority to Return or Return Endorsement (Transitional (Permanent) visa), you cannot apply for a Resident Return visa. If you were granted a Resident Return visa after 1 September 1994, this would have automatically ceased your Authority to Return or Return Endorsement (Transitional (Permanent) visa).

If you hold a valid Authority to Return or Return Endorsement (Transitional (Permanent) visa), evidenced by an Authority to Return or Return Endorsement stamp in an expired passport, you should carry both your expired and new passport when travelling to Australia in order to be allowed re-entry. We recommend that you apply to have your Authority to Return or Return Endorsement (Transitional (Permanent) visa) recorded as an electronic record in the Department’s systems. Please see ‘Informing the Department of your eligibility to hold a BF-111’.

Examples of wet stamps between 1976 and 1986

The Authority to Return and Return Endorsement wet stamps appear in your expired passport as follows:

ATR (Authority to Return)
Return Endorsement (Family Travelling)
Return Endorsement (Single Person Travelling)

If you have not travelled since 1987

In 1987, Australia began processing visas electronically. If you migrated to Australia before 1987 and have not travelled overseas since, we are unlikely to have an electronic record of your permanent visa. 

If you held an Authority to Return or Return Endorsement wet stamp in your passport, you may hold a Authority to Return or Return Endorsement (Transitional (Permanent) visa). You can apply to have it recorded as an electronic record in the form of a BF-111 to facilitate re-entry to Australia. You cannot apply for a Resident Return visa.

Note: A BF-111 is not a type of visa that you can apply for. It is only an electronic record of your wet stamp to recognize that you hold an Authority to Return or Return Endorsement (Transitional (Permanent) visa).

Informing the Department of your eligibility to hold a BF-111

If you held an Authority to Return or Return Endorsement – which was wet stamped in your passport between 1976 and 1986 – you may hold a Transitional (Permanent) visa. This will not be recorded on the Department’s current electronic systems. To avoid significant delays when you travel to and from Australia, you should apply to have your Authority to Return or Return Endorsement (Transitional (Permanent) visa) recorded on our systems as a BF-111 before leaving Australia.

How to apply

This does not alter the conditions of your visa in any way. There is no charge for this service.

New passport

If you get a new passport, you must provide us with your new passport details so that we can link your visa to your new passport. If you do not link your visa to your new passport, your travel may be delayed.

Proof of permanent residence 

To prove permanent resident status you can use VEVO to:

  • email or print out your status or
  • give permission for an organisation or a government agency to perform a VEVO check.

You can do this, as long as your visa is linked with your:

  • passport or
  • ImmiCard. 

Common examples of when you may need to prove your permanent resident status include:

  • interacting with other Australian government agencies regarding entitlements and benefits such as Centrelink and Medicare or 
  • obtaining certain documentation from other Australian agencies or authorities such as:
    • Driver’s licence
    • Maritime Security Identification Card (MSIC) 
    • interacting with foreign embassies, consulates and high commissions in Australia or for the purposes of obtaining a foreign travel document

We no longer issue:

  • Certificate of Evidence of Resident Status (CERS)
  • Certificate of Status for New Zealand Citizens in Australia (CSNZCA)
  • Document for Travel to Australia
  • Visa Evidence Card
  • Visa labels or stickers

When you do not have a VEVO record

Your access to a VEVO record may depend on whether your most recent entry to Australia was:

  • before 1990 or
  • after 1990

Before 1990

You may not have a VEVO record if:

  • you arrived in Australia before 1990 and
  • have not travelled overseas since.

To request an electronic visa record you must provide:

  • identity documents including evidence of your arrival in Australia and 
  • details of your valid passport.

If you do not have and can’t obtain a passport, you may be eligible for an ImmiCard.

You will be able to access VEVO once your visa has been recorded in our systems and your passport or ImmiCard is linked to the visa. This will be required to access VEVO.

After 1990

Your VEVO visa record is linked to your passport. If you have renewed your passport since arriving in Australia, you will need to tell us of the new details to link your visa details to the new passport. This will be required to access VEVO.

Permanent resident travelling overseas

If you are a long term resident who arrived in Australia before 1990 and have not left Australia since, you are unlikely to have an electronic visa record. In order to be able to use VEVO you will have to apply for an electronic visa record.

Evidence of your arrival in Australia

If you need information about your arrival date in Australia, you can apply for access to the travel information in your movement records.

VISA OPTIONS

​​People can become a permanent resident of Australia in different ways. Three common ways of becoming a permanent resident are through gaining:

  • a family-stream permanent visa
  • a work-stream permanent visa
  • business or investor-stream permanent visa

Check that you meet our criteria before you apply. If your visa has a “no further stay” condition attached, you cannot stay in Australia beyond the period specified in your visa in order to apply for permanent residency.

To find a visa that suits your needs, explore visa options.

Family-stream permanent residence visas

Work-stream permanent residence visas

Business or investment-stream permanent residence visas

Other options

Family-stream permanent residence visas

These are for:

  • partners, children, parents or dependent relatives of an Australian citizen, permanent resident of Australia or Eligible New Zealand citizen
  • children being adopted or in the process of being adopted outside of Australia
  • carers who need to move to Australia to provide long-term care for an approved relative

Explore permanent visa options for families.

Work-stream permanent residence visas

These are for workers who have an Australian employer sponsoring them to work in Australia, or have skills that Australia values.

Explore permanent visa options for workers.

Business or investment-stream permanent residence visas

Explore permanent visa options for business or investment.

Other options

Retirement visa pathway

The Australian Government has recently created a pathway to permanent residency for eligible retirees.

This pathway provides options to long-term residents who have contributed to, and are well-established in the community.

The government has built the pathway by setting aside a portion of places from the permanent migration scheme for parents.

Learn more about the Retirement visa pathway.

Former Resident visa

This visa is for certain permanent Former Residents.

Global Talent visa

This visa is for people with an internationally-recognised record of exceptional and outstanding achievement.

Refugee and humanitarian visas

These visas are for people who left their home country due to persecution.

To learn more about refugee and humanitarian visas, explore visa options.

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Check Your Study Visa Options in Australia!

subclass 500- Student visa

To take part in a study programme, travel to Australia.

Stay 

As long as you need, up to 5 years, and according to your enrollment.

Price

Unless exempt, prices start at AUD630.

Time to process

The time of the process varies.

Conditions:

  • Your age must be at least six years; 
  • You must be enrolled in a full-time course at a recognised educational institution; and 
  • You must be able to stay for the duration of your course.

Visa for Student Guardian

Stay

This is a short-term visa. Your visa duration will be determined by the length of your stay and your age as a student visa holder.

Prices start at AUD630.

  • 75% of applications take five months to process; 90% of applications take six months to process
  • In unusual circumstances, this visa permits a person to give care and support to a student visa holder who is under the age of 18
  • Allows a person to offer care and support for a student visa holder who is 18 or older

Training visa (subclass 407)

This visa permits you to participate in workplace-based occupational training activities in Australia to improve your job, tertiary education, field of expertise, or professional development training program abilities.

Stay

This is a short-term visa. We may issue you a visa that allows you to stay in Australia for up to two years.

The main applicant’s fee starts at AUD315 and goes up from there.

Time to Process

Four months for 75% of applications

Ninety per cent of applications took eleven months to process.

Workplace training can help you develop your career, tertiary education, or field of expertise.

You can enrol in a professional development training program that takes place in a classroom setting.

It is not for persons who desire to work primarily.

Check out all of the circumstances.

Make sure you qualify.

You must: 

  • be enrolled in an eligible substantive visa program in Australia; 
  • have Overseas Student Health Cover (OSHC) or fall into one of the exemption categories;
  • prove you have a welfare arrangement if you are under 18; and 
  • In the Eligibility Tab, check the box that says “Have this Visa if applying while in Australia.”

Remember:

  • Applications are received Australian Eastern Standard Time (AEST) (or Australian Eastern daylight standard time (AEDST) when applicable) 
  • If another substantive visa is granted, the first substantive visa expires.
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When Your Application for Green Card is Pending with USCIS

If you’ve already filed a Form I-485, Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status, and your case is still pending with USCIS, here’s what you should know.

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) Address Change

If you relocate, you must notify USCIS of your new address within ten days of your move. If you do not change your address, you may miss important case notifications. Your address will not be updated with USCIS if you change your address with the USPS. Learn how to update your address with us by visiting our Change of Address Information page.

Time to Process a Case

You can find out how long it takes a specific USCIS office to process a Form I-485. For additional details, see our USCIS Processing Time Information page.

Suppose you applied for a Green Card based on employment. In that case, you could also find more information on our Immigration and Citizenship Data and Questions & Answers: Pending Employment-Based Form I-485 Inventory sites.

Updates on Case Status

If you need an update on the status of your application, you can: • Go to our Case Status Online page and look up your case status using your Form I-485 receipt number.

  • If you believe your application will take longer than usual to process, submit a case inquiry.
  • Contact our USCIS Customer Service Center at 800-375-5283.
  • TTY 800-767-1833 for those who are deaf, hard of hearing, or have a speech disability.

When You Have to Travel

Please check the instructions for Form I-131, Application for Travel Document, for further information if you need to leave the United States temporarily while your Form I-485 is pending. If you leave the United States without an advance parole document and have a pending Form I-485, you will have abandoned your application. See our Travel Documents page for more details.

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How to Get a US Visa for Temporary Business Visitors

Unless you qualify for entrance without a visa under the Visa Waiver Program, you must get a temporary visitor for a business visa to visit the United States for business.

The classifications of temporary business visits are listed in the table below. See the links in the chart below for more information about eligibility and the application procedure.

Temporary visitors for business:

B-1 Temporary Business Visitor

Temporary business visitor engaged in commercial or professional activities. Consult with colleagues, negotiate a contract, or attend a business conference, for example.

WB Temporary Business Visitor under Visa Waiver Program

Under the Visa Waiver Program, a temporary visitor for business is admitted.

GB Temporary Visitor to Guam

Temporary business visitor (limited to Guam)